July 13, 2013 § 10 Comments
A recent article in the society pages of Vanity Fair details the woes of property owners along Broad Beach in Malibu, where the narrowing of a beach by 60 feet over the last decade has alarmed wealthy residents. Property owners built a 13-foot high stone revetment wall to protect their houses. Now, they are planning to spend $20 million out of their own pockets to import 600,000 cubic yards of sand, hoping to widen the beach by 100 feet.
Apparently even the residents understand the addition of sand (“beach nourishment”) is at best a temporary solution. To maintain the width of the artificial beach, nourishment would have to be supplemented every 5-10 years—a cosmetic solution that JPL climatologist Bill Patzert called “botoxing the beach.” (Cohan and Grigoriadis 2013)
Nor are revetment walls a real solution. Though they appear to protect property immediately behind them, they actually reflect wave energy to other parts of the coast, where erosion is then accelerated.
Some attribute the erosion of Broad Beach to winter storms. Impending sea level rise certainly will not help. « Read the rest of this entry »
January 29, 2012 § 2 Comments
I recently spotted a couple of projects that L.A. Creek Freak has reported on that are now making on-the-ground progress. In Lincoln Heights (photo above) the Albion Dairy site industrial buildings and parking lot are well on their way to being completely demolished. Information on that planned L.A. River park here. In Santa Monica (photo below) the Ocean Park Boulevard green street project is under construction. Information on that complete street project (including its green bike lanes) here.
November 18, 2010 § Leave a comment
Recent recognition for some of Los Angeles’ creek freak heroes:
> The American Canoe Association (ACA) has awarded its annual Green Paddle Award to George Wolfe and L.A. River Expeditions. George was the leader of the 2008 boating expedition down the Los Angeles River that proved critical in securing federal Clean Water Act protections. The national non-profit ACA in its press release stated:
“The American Canoe Association is extremely proud to recognize George and L.A. River Expeditions for their significant accomplishments,” says ACA Chief Operating Officer Chris Stec. “They have set a great example for the nation.”
> The California Stormwater Quality Association (CASQA) presented its Outstanding Stormwater BMP [Best Management Practice] Implementation Project award to the Los Angeles and San Gabriel Rivers Watershed Council for its Elmer Avenue Neighborhood Retrofit Demonstration project. Elmer Avenue is an excellent project – the kind that we creek freaks like to go and visit in the rain!! CASQA also recognized Santa Monica’s Bicknell Avenue green street, the city of Los Angeles’ Stormwater Public Education Program (which also received recognition from the National Association of Clean Water Agencies), and others. Read the full CASQA awards recap here.
Congratulations to George, the Watershed Council, and the cities of Santa Monica and Los Angeles!
August 31, 2010 § 7 Comments
At Creek Freak, one of my past criticisms of green street projects is that they don’t adress issues of alternate transportation. Wonderful “Green Streets” projects address rainwater issues. Wonderful “Complete Streets” projects address walking, transit, bicycling. But n’er the twain shall meet?
Finally a local project has come across my desk that combines green streets and complete streets. At this point it’s about a half year before construction starts, but Creek Freak is happy to highlight the city of Santa Monica’s Ocean Park Boulevard project.
July 31, 2009 § 3 Comments
Los Angeles Creek Freak headed west today for an all-bloggers lunch with Siel (Green L.A. Girl) and Damien (L.A. StreetsBlog.) I took the opportunity to go and visit the city of Santa Monica’s new green street project. Creek Freak mentioned this project briefly in an earlier entry, referring readers to Heal the Bay’s Mark Gold’s account of the street’s opening festivities. There’s also coverage of its July 14th 2009 opening at L.A. Frog, LAist, the Santa Monica Mirror, and video footage posted by Global Green. The project was funded by state water bond Proposition 50, the state Water Resources Control Board, the local Regional Water Quality Control Board, the Santa Monica Bay Restoration Commission, and the city’s water quality parcel tax Measure V.
The green street features are located on both sides of the 100 block of Bicknell Avenue, extending from Ocean Avenue to Neilson Way – just a block from the beach, not far from the Santa Monica Pier:
The overall design is pretty smart! It’s reminiscent of some simpler curb-cut water harvesting tree wells (click link for excellent photo worth easily a thousand words) that Brad Lancaster has done in Tucson. The concept is the same: street runoff in the gutter flows into the parkway (landscaped area between the sidewalk and the curb) and soaks into the ground there, watering trees and other plants. In large storms, excess water overflows back into the gutter.
I actually prefer Lancaster’s design, which is simpler and perhaps more elegant; it merely subtracts some concrete, and utilizes the same gap for inflow and outflow of water. The Santa Monica green street is a little more engineered. It has rainwater flowing in a gap inlet, then through a depressed area (a swale), and then any excess that hasn’t soaked in will flow out a second opening (outlet) at the downstream end.
There are many reasons that is all really really good. (Regular readers who have already read L.A. Creek Freak’s multi-benefit watershed management tirade can skip ahead to the next paragraph.) Our local waterways have big problems with pollution (water quality) and flooding (water quantity.) Additionally, we don’t have enough local water (water supply) so we import plenty of it at great monetary and environmental cost. We’ve designed most of our urbanized basin to usher rainwater out to the ocean as quickly as possible. Rain hits a roof, heads down a pipe onto a concrete driveway into a concrete gutter, into a concrete pipe (a storm drain,) into a concrete-lined creek, and into the ocean. We flush that rainwater out as fast as possible, in order to prevent flooding. Another approach, which this street represents, is to (in the words of Brad Lancaster) treat rainwater as a welcome guest: invite her to not be in such a hurry, to slow down and hang out with us for a while. When we slow rainwater down, pollutants it’s carrying settle out. When it runs across earth, the water soaks in and micro-organisms break down the pollutants. This results in cleaner water, less severe peak flooding, and more water stored underground… not to mention greener neighborhoods, more habitat, less air pollution, and lots more good stuff.
Here’s a detailed explanation showing step-wise how the street works: (I’ve shown only one swale area here – there are about ten of these in the whole project.)
Water in the gutter flows in this inlet. The inlet is a gap in the curb that has been covered with a metal lid forming a little tunnel.
From there the water flows through the parkway in what we creek freaks call a “bio-swale.” It’s basically a mini-creekbed – a depressed, landscaped area between the sidewalk and the curb. The inlet above is shown at the bottom of this photo. The water flows in there and upward (photo-wise) toward the outlet in the upper right.
Much of the water that enters the parkway soaks into the ground. In a large storm, water will reach the end of the bio-swale and will overflow back out into the gutter.
In addition to the curbside bio-swales, the parking lane has been paved with porous (or permeable) concrete. In the above photo, the regular black asphalt shows on the right, and the porous pavement beneath the car is slightly lighter in color. In working with the city of Los Angeles on a shared street project in my neighborhood, neighbors pushed for permeable pavement in our street, but the city hadn’t used permeable pavement enough to be familiar with it. They expressed concern that it wouldn’t be strong enough to support the weight of large vehicles, so they only used it for the sidewalk on our street project. Santa Monica has used conventional asphalt for the center of the road, which needs to bear the most weight, and has put the porous pavement in the parking lane, which bears less weight.
There are signs at each end that explain how and why the street does what it does. Oddly, they’re posted so high that even our 6’3″ tall L.A. Creek Freak correspondent had a hard time viewing and reading them. For a little more detail, there’s a decent almost-readable photo of one of these signs posted online by L.A. Frog. Perhaps the city of Santa Monica could lower these? and perhaps post one of them online somewhere?
Before I launch into some critique, I want to emphasize that this is an excellent project! Yaaaayyyy! It should serve as a prototype for how streets should work all over. I really like that it’s actually pretty “readable” – one can look around the site and fairly easily understand how rainwater flows through it. I think it’s very important that we reveal water flows, so that the public can better understand and value our natural water cycles.
I do want to mention a few additional criticisms:
– To me, the project appears somewhat over-built. There’s quite a bit of impermeable concrete – a swath along the curb, and a few concrete pathways leading from the sidewalk to the curb. Could this have been permeable pavement? or maybe stepping stones? (with wheelchair access to the street at the driveways and at the corners)
Also in the over-built category, there seem to be a lot of extraneous drainage systems. At the end of the street there’s already a couple of good-sized storm drain inlets… but the project has included more than half a dozen seemingly-unnecessary additional drains. There are little green ones inside some of the bio-swales:
and some sort of extra storm drain grates (with some kind of filter devices inside?) at some of the outlets:
Perhaps the project designers could explain what additional functionality (capacity? functionality?) these features contribute. They perhaps add some additional capacity for those once-in-a-lifetime hurricane-force storms. Even if this is true, they appear to be unneeded extra expenses. I suspect that they may make the project more prone to high tech failure… How long do you think it will it take for someone to step on and break those green plastic filter hood thingies?
For my preference, I think that it’s better for us to trust nature to do the cleaning here. Nature does a great job on day one, and only gets better more effective as time progresses. This extra gray filter technology works as well as it ever will on day one and gets worse from there (unless we spend plenty of maintenance resources keeping it clear.) My preference would be to install more basic landscaped bio-swale on more streets, than to add excess thingamabobs and get to fewer streets. I am open to an explanation of what these do… I could be wrong. Also, this is a pilot, so it may be a good place to throw in the kitchen sink and monitor what works and what doesn’t… but it feels to me like someone wanted to spend more more money on gizmos, and less on green.
– I didn’t see any trash grates, which I would have expected on the inlets. Grates would help to keep trash out of the bio-swales.
– Overall the project is designed to keep the existing configuration of the street… which favors cars. If we are to achieve real sustainability in our cities, I think that we need to achieve more modal balance in our streets – which is to say that our streets should foster alternative modes of transportation, including bicycles, pedestrians, and transit. A greener design here could have included traffic calming features, such as bulbouts, which make it safer for pedestrians to cross the street, and which can make for even more permeable green space areas to filter and infiltrate rainwater. The city of Santa Monica has done traffic-calming bulbouts in other areas; similar features here could have made this project street even greener.
Despite some aspects that I question, the Bicknell Avenue Street Greening Project is wonderful. As far as I know, it’s the first place in Southern California where we’ve actually broken the curb to allow rainwater to get out of the gutter and into the soil. It was definitely worth my time to bike and bus across town to check it out, and I am looking forward to observing it function during an actual rainstorm. Congratulations to the city of Santa Monica and all the folks involved in funding, designing and implementing the project!
October 18, 2008 § 1 Comment
If you’re a Creekfreak, and you’ve not figured out where the water used to flow in your neighborhood yet, then this post is for you. From 2001-2003 I mapped the old streams and wetlands of the LA area in Illustrator, and began to lay them out for public consumption. And then got sucked into other projects. So here they are, in all their imperfection – but quite legible if you are a map reader. Just go to the side panel to the page labelled Find a former waterway or wetland near you!
These maps are based on 62,500 scale 1896-1906 USGS maps, 1888 Detail Irrigation Maps, and slightly informed by later 24,000 scale USGS maps. The overlay maps are not definitive: the 24,000 scale maps, circa 1919-1930s, show streams not indicated on the earlier, larger scale maps, while showing at the same time considerable stream and wetland losses to development. In other words, I have a lot more drawing to do.
But this is about you, dear Creekfreak. If you live in the following areas, you may find a creek or wetland on one of these maps in your neighborhood:
Eagle Rock Glassell Park Highland Park Lincoln Heights
Cypress Park Pasadena South Pasadena Alhambra
Boyle Heights East Los Angeles Downtown Echo Park
Silverlake East Hollywood Hollywood Hills Koreatown
Mid-City West Adams Culver City Baldwin Hills
Cheviot Hills Mar Vista West Los Angeles West Hollywood
Beverly Hills Bel Air Brentwood Santa Monica
Venice Marina del Rey Inglewood Hawthorne
Gardena West Athens Willowbrook Watts
Compton South Gate Lynwood Vernon
Maywood Torrance Carson Lomita Wilmington
Long Beach San Pedro Palos Verdes
Happy searching! And let us know what you think!